For the vehicles of tomorrow and new traffic concepts,high-performance mobile communications will be as indis-pensable as roads. But it will take a while before cars willbe able to drive autonomously.
Does autonomous drivingneed 5G? Not necessarily– but with fast mobile com-munications it works muchbetter.
Networked, automated driving will come. It's only a question of where and how fast. While young players like Google's sister company Waymo are simply pu-shing ahead with autonomous robot taxis, traditional car manufacturers have to adopt a two-pronged strategy. On the one hand, Volkswagen, for example, isalso pursuing disruptive concepts with its Sedric. On the other hand, the established brands have tens of millions of vehicles on the road worldwide. They toomust evolve. Where the automotive future meets the present, progress must remain secure, affordable, and function everywhere – a challenge.
As far as autonomous driving is concerned, BMW deems 5G indispensable. Bavarian-based BMW is currently introducing remote software upgrades for currentmodels. The improvements and functional enhancements contained therein, as in the case of smartphones, preferably come on board via app and WiFi, i.e.,over the air (OTA). The approximately 800 MB program packages update up to 50 ECUs. The update process is highly complex because on a global level,compliance with complex security, emissions and data protection requirements must be ensured for numerous model variants. At the same time, BMW is fur-ther developing the infrastructure and services for autonomous driving. The electric SUV iNext, announced for 2021, may already meet the requirements of au-tonomy levels 3 or 4.
What’s the good of networking in the car? Byton andother manufacturers present their concepts – andsoon ready to drive cars.
In addition to established manufacturers, there are also newcomers who are embar-king on the ambitious goals of mobility of the future. Founded by BMW and Nissanmanagers in 2016, Chinese manufacturer Byton is one of them. The company wantsnothing less than to replace the traditional car with an electric, highly automated andfully networked vehicle.
Two models are planned: An SUV called M-Byte, which will go on sale in China at theend of 2019. And later, there will be the K-Byte, a saloon. At the heart of the cars willbe a digital cockpit, which, in addition to a tablet in the steering wheel, is determinedby a huge, curved 4K display. The car is controlled via touch panels, gestures and byvoice, with Amazon's Alexa being included in the process.
Another highlight: Face recognition identifies all occupants as they board and loadscorresponding user profiles with personalized content that can be displayed. This in-cludes not only the vehicle settings but also music, videos or other services that usersalready use outside the car.
Networking is provided by three antennas and modems on the roof, which, thanks toa specially developed gateway with up to 1000 Mbit/s, provide triple 4G throughput.
In the future, even a triple 5G bandwidth is to be achieved, which should enable auto-nomous driving in higher levels. From market launch, the Mbyte masters autonomylevel 3 and is later to achieve level 4 via software updates.
What does autonomous driving mean for digital roadmaps? The demands are increasing – but providers likeHere are well equipped
In addition to high-end mobile networks, binding standards and legal requirements,autonomous driving requires high-resolution maps, on which the car can be locatedwith pinpoint accuracy. This is where the Here navigation service comes into play,working to constantly improve the accuracy and push it below one meter. With thehelp of data from reference stations on the ground, the service provider offsets, forexample, distortions of the GPS signal through the earth's atmosphere in order toobtain a pinpoint determination. This service is expected to be available globally bythe end of 2019.
What role do smart antennas play for autono-mous driving? ATBB and Desay provide sur-prising answers.
In China, everything is based on electric mobility and big data, reported CLTan. In the future, the CEO of the electronics group Desay SV will increasinglyfocus on smart passenger cells, autonomous driving and networked services.The Thuringian antenna technology specialist ATBB – recently a subsidiary ofDesay SV – will provide the 5G connectivity with its smart antennas.
How will mobility change in the future? Going from A toB will be a service – many possibilities exist concerningthe details.
Sixt presented a comprehensive mobility concept at connect-ec.
The car rental business is already complemented by a car-sharing offer inHamburg, Berlin and Munich. This allows customers to book vehicles only fora few minutes.
If demand is high, Sixt can increase capacity at short notice with vehicles fromits car rental fleet. Sixt also challenges so-called ride-hailing providers likeUber: For the short-term provision of transport services, the company workstogether with the taxi industry. Passengers can also book and pay for this ser-vice via an app.
Flying instead of driving?
With its hybrid flight taxi X-1, the Dresden-based start-up is shaping the air mobility of the future. Visitors were able to find out about the project at the fair andalready examine an unscaled model of the X-1. In addition, a prototype will complete the transformation of the vertical starter between the individual flightconditions at regular intervals.